K-means Clustering Model

Introduction

Cluster data by K-means algorithm. It assigns labels to data, so that similar data will be in same labels.

How to Access?

There are two ways to access. One is to access from 'Add' (Plus) button.

Another way is to access from a column header menu.

How to Use?

Calculate Cluster by Multiple Columns (Variables)

Column Selection

There are many ways to select columns. You can choose

  • Select Column Names - Listing up columns selecting one by one
  • Range of Column Position - Select columns between columns chosen as Start and End
  • Starts with - Select columns whose names start with a certain text
  • Ends with - Select columns whose names end with a certain text
  • Contains - Select columns whose names contain a certain text.
  • Matches Regular Expression - Select columns whose names contain a certain text.
  • Range of Suffix (X1, X2...) - Select columns names with prefix and numbers.
  • Everything - All columns.
  • All Numeric Columns - All numeric columns.

Cluster Categories

Column Selection

Category, dimension and measure are like this.

Category column is a column that has categories which you want to cluster. They are parameterized by measures with the dimensions.

In this case, cluster airline carriers are clustered. Internally, the values in the columns are expanded to a matrix like the figure above. Then, cluster numbers are assigned to each row (category) based on how similar the values are.

If there are duplicated values or missing values for a cell, they will be aggregated by "Aggregate with" or filled by "Fill with".

Parameters

  • Number of Clusters (Optional) - Set an integer number to decide how many clusters (groups) to build.
  • Max Iteration Time (Optional) - The default is 10. The maximum number of cluster update iteration.
  • Trial Times (Optional) - The default is 1. This works only when the centers argument is a number. How many random initial configuration should be tried. The best result is chosen as output.
  • Algorithm (Optional) - The default is Hartigan-Wong. This can be
    • "Hartigan-Wong"
    • "Lloyd"
    • "Forgy"
    • "MacQueen"
  • Random Seed (Optional) - The default is 0. This is random seed. You can change the result if you change this number.

Take a look at the reference document for the 'kmeans' function from base R for more details on the parameters.

Step-by-step

Here's a step-by-step tutorial guide on how you can run K-means Clustering to cluster your data based on multiple columns (or variables) values or cluster ‘categories’ based on given ‘dimension’ and ‘measure’ values.

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